The Airbus Helicopters EC120 B Colibri is a 5-seat light utility helicopter
powered by a single Turbomeca Arrius 2F turbine engine. The EC 120 B
Colibri, also known as Hummingbird, was developed with simplicity of
design and low costs of maintenance in mind. It makes extensive use of
composite materials and modern avionics. The new generation of fenestron
tail rotor takes part in the decrease in external noise level, which
makes the EC120 B ideal for missions near settled areas. The project
started in 1990 when Aerospatiale of France, CATIC of China and
Singapore Aerospace agreed in forming a partnership to develop a new
light helicopter, then designated P-120L. Definition phase of the
original P120L was subsequently redesigned with 500 kg lower gross
weight and new engine and rotor. The helicopter divisions of
Aerospatiale from France and MBB from Germany merged in January 1992 to
form the Eurocopter Group. In October 1992, development of the new
helicopter started and in January 1993, Eurocopter designation EC 120
was given to the helicopter. Mid-1993, the design definition was
completed and assembly of first of two prototypes began at Eurocopter
France at Marignane in early 1995. Eurocopter EC120 prototype F-WWPA
c/n 1 flew first on 9 June 1995. The second prototype (F-WWPD c/n 2) was
flown 17 July 1996. Certification to JAR 27 was achieved on 16 June
1997. Production of the EC 120 began on a small scale in 1997 at
Eurocopter France's Marignane facility, with the first production
c/n 1005) flying on 5 December 1997.
The airframes are made in China and the final assembly line of the EC120 is at the Eurocopter Marignane factory in France.
Next to the final assembly of the EC120 in France, a number of helicopters were assembled in Australia and Brazil. In 2006, Regourd Aviation in France
obtained EASA certification for the modified EC120 "Voyager", an EC120 with auto-pilot, glass cockpit & integrated avionics. On 6 November 2015,
Airbus Helicopters started flight tests with the H120 demonstrator F-WMXC powered by a cleaner, more efficient 4.6-liter high-compression diesel engine
in place of the Turbomeca Arrius 2F turboshaft. These test flights are part of the European Clean Sky initiative’s Green Rotorcraft Integrated Technology
Demonstrator (ITD) program that started in 2011. In addition to Airbus Helicopters, the project involves TEOS Powertrain Engineering and Austro Engine.
Since March 2015, Airbus Helicopters uses “H120” as marketing designation for the EC120 B helicopters. The ICAO Aircraft Type Designator for both
the EC120 or H120 and the HC120 is EC20. Serial production of the Airbus Helicopters H120, originally the Eurocopter EC120 B, has officially ended.
The last H120 helicopter on order was delivered in September 2017. Over 700 single-engine H120 Colibris have been delivered in more than 50 countries
with more than 400 operators. The decision to stop production of the H120 was the result of Airbus Helicopters’ strategy to focus on markets where high-end
technologies bring the most value to customers. The company therefore concentrate on further developing its offer in the intermediate single-engine
segment with the H125 and H130 through continuous improvements of these two best-seller types.
As a result of the merger between the Eurocopter parents Aérospatiale-Matra; DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA) and Construcciones
Aeronàuticas Sociedad Anonima (CASA) in July 2000, the Eurocopter group became a division of the new formed
EADS (European Aeronautic Defence and Space company). Taking off into 2014, EADS was rebranded as "Airbus Group". Uniting
all its activities under a single brand, its helicopter division Eurocopter was rebranded as Airbus Helicopters on 8 January 2014.
On 8 July 2003, the 2002-built Eurocopter EC120 B s/n 1324 was
registered N496AE with American Eurocopter Corp. On 9 February 2005, the
Colibri was registered as N263CP with Cannon Aviation Group Inc. and
based in Belgium. On 13 July 2006, Southern Aircraft Consultancy Inc Trustee, Cornwall, UK, was registered as owner
of the N263CP. Southern Aircraft Consultancy Inc. is an aircraft registration company in the UK, specialised in providing
Individual Trust Agreements to non-US citizens to enable them to legally register their aircraft on the American "N" register.
Eurocopter EC120 B Colibri N263CP is operating out of Becht in Belgium, and owned by Mr. van der Hoeven, the Netherlands. On 7 March 2007,
Colibri N263CP crashed at Stadtlohn airfield, Germany, after it was hit by the rotorblades of Robinson R22 Beta II PH-JGR.
The wreck of the Robinson was transported to Teuge and registration PH-JGR was cancelled as destroyed on 26 March 2007. The damaged
N263CP was ferried to NHV in Ostend, Belgium, and rebuilt. On 26 August 2011, Colibri N263CP was amoung the helicopters of a private
fly-in at the Hotel Weißer Bär in Mühlheim an der Mosel, Germany. The fly-in turned into a disaster as the tail end of storm
"Bert" brought tennis-ball size hailstones, causing extensive damage to all 18 helicopters parked in the grounds of Hotel Weisser Bär.
Colibri N263CP was substantial damaged and was ferried for rebuilt to Heli Holland Technics in Emmen, the Netherlands. On 24 January 2012,
EC120 B N263CP was seen like new after the makeover at the Heli Holland heliport.