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Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander
Britten-Norman BN-2T Islander
De Havilland DH-114 Heron
RAF XM296 RN XR442
MBB BO.105
86+45 87+26
86+45 87+26
RNethAF B-41 RNethAF B-67
Douglas DC-6B
ZG845 Britten-Norman BN-2T Defender AL1 c/n 2194 - ARMY - Calais-Dunekerque Airport, France - 31 July 1989 A.A.C. Sioux AH.1 XT245

The Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander is a twin-engine high-wing light utility transport aircraft for up to nine passengers. Britten-Norman Ltd. started in 1963 with the development of the BN-2, a 10 seat STOL aircraft. The prototype BN-2, G-ATCT s/n 01, flew on 13 June 1965, powered by two 210 hp Lycoming IO-360 engines. A production line for the BN-2 was set up at the Britten-Norman factory at Bembridge, Isle of Wight. The first production BN-2 Islander, G-ATWU s/n 2, flew on 20 August 1966. Deliveries of the production model started on 13 August 1967, after UK CAA certification was awarded on 10 August 1967. The first production BN-2 Islanders were powered by two 260 hp Lycoming IO-540 engines. By 1968, demand for the Islander had outstripped the capacity of the Bembridge factory. A contract was signed with the Romanian IRMA to build "green" Islanders and deliver them to the UK for finishing. The BN-2 Islander was developed further and in 1970, the BN-2 was replaced in production by the improved BN-2A Islander. Despite the succes of the Islander, Britten Norman was in grave financial difficulty by the end of 1970. In October 1971, the new company Britten-Norman (Bembridge) Ltd. was set up. In August 1972, Britten-Norman (Bembridge) Ltd was sold to the Fairey Group and a new holding company, Fairey Britten Norman Ltd. was established. Most of the Islander and Trilander production was moved to the Fairey S.A. factory in Gosselies, Belgium. Islanders and Trislanders were produced in Romania, then shipped to Gosselies in Belgium for finishing and later flow to Bembridge in the UK for the final flight certification. In 1977, the Fairey Group went in deep financial difficulties. As a result, production slowed down and Britten-Norman got a new owner and became Pilatus Britten Norman Ltd. in July 1978. Production of the Islanders moved back to Bembridge. On 2 August 1980, BN-2T Turbo Islander prototype G-BCMY, powered by two Rolls-Royce Allison 250-B17C turboprop engines, flew first. The first production BN-2T Turbine Islander, G-BIUJ, flew on 13 May 1981. In July 1998, the company was renamed Britten-Norman Ltd., and from May 2000 it became part of the B-N Group Limited. Over 1250 BN-2 aircraft are delivered since 1967, including production in the UK and Romania and military Defenders.

On 3 September 1984, Britten-Norman BN-2T Turbo Islander s/n 2194 was registered G-BLNT with Pilatus Britten Norman Ltd., Bembridge Airport, Isle of Wight, first as an Britten-Norman BN-2B; later corrected to Britten-Norman BN-2T. On 12 June 1989, registration G-BLTN was cancelled. The 1988-built aircraft entered service as ZG845 with the Army Air Corps as a Britten-Norman BN-2T Defender AL1.
On 31 July 1989, the ARMY' Britten-Norman BN-2T Defender AL1 ZG845 was seen at Calais-Dunekerque Airport in France.

page last updated: 10-06-2020
Copyright © Jack Wolbrink, Emmen, the Netherlands

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