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Fokker S-11 Instructor
Fokker F-27 Friendship
Fokker F.27-050
Fokker F27-0603
RNethAF U-03  
Fokker F28-0100
PH-SAD Fokker F-27-266 Friendship c/n 10272 - NLM CityHopper - Groningen Airport Eelde in Holland - 18 October 1977 Groningen Airport Eelde (GRQ)

Fokker first began manufacturing planes in Germany in 1912. On 21 July 1919, Anthony H.G. Fokker founded the "N.V. Nederlandse Vliegtuigfabriek" in Amsterdam. To commemorate Fokker's thirty years of aircraft manufacture in the Netherlands, they were granted the title "Royal Dutch Aircraft Manufacturer Fokker" on 21 July 1949. Until production ended after Fokker collapsed due to financial problems on 15 March 1996, Fokker have developed and constructed over 100 different types of aircraft, both for military and civil aviation. Design studies for Fokker's first airliner after World War II were initiated in 1950. In 1951 Fokker received support for this study for "Ontwerp 271" and the next two years were spent studying a variety of different configurations before the decision was made in favour of a twin-Dart aeroplane with pressurised accommodation for 28 passengers and a minimum range of 483 km with a capacity payload. On 1 September 1953, the development programme for the F-27 Friendship started. Four prototypes were to be built, two for test flying (F-1 and F-3) and the other two for static fatigue tests (F-2 and F-4). The first prototype (F-1) was powered by two Rolls-Royce Dart 6 Mk.507 engines and flew first on 24 November 1955 as PH-NIV. The second prototype (F-3), which had a 0.91 meter lengthened fuselage and the higher-powered Rolls-Royce Dart 6 Mk.511, followed on 31 January 1957 as PH-NVF. The first production aircraft (F-5 c/n 10105), a Fokker F-27-101 made its first flight on 23 March 1958 as PH-FAA and was h/o to Aer Lingus on 19 November 1958 as EI-AKA. Until production of the Fokker F-27 ended in 1986 a total of 786 aircraft were built, including 206 manufactured under licence by Fairchild in the U.S.A.

In 1966, NLM (Nederlandse Luchtvaart Maatschappij) was formed as a subsidiary of KLM to operate domestic services for a trial period of two years. On 29 August 1966, NLM started regular services out of Amsterdam to 5 regional airports in the Netherlands: Eindhoven, Enschede, Maastricht, Groningen and Rotterdam operated with two Fokker F-27-300M Troopships leased from the Royal Netherlands Air Force. Troopship PH-KFA and PH-KFB were aircraft of the RNethAF, owned by Staat de Nederlanden and leased to KLM for the period 12 May 1966 until 3 May 1972. The number of flights at the Amsterdam-Groningen service increased over the years from 2 up to 5 times a day with a growing number of passengers. The NLM was renamed NLM Cityhopper and used by the KLM as a feederliner. After the KLM decided to reduce the number of flights at the NLM Cityhopper route Groningen-Amsterdam to two times a day, the number of passengers went down dramatically and finally the NLM-service AMS-GRQ succeeded.
Fokker F-27 Friendship PH-SAD was flown first on 26 March 1965 as PH-FGO. On 5 April 1965 the aircraft was delivered as PH-SAD to Schreiner Airways, a joint venture of Schreiner Aero Contractors and van Ommeren. On 1 December 1967, after the defunct of Schreiner Airways, the PH-SAD was transferred to the KLM to operate on the NLM-routes. The aircraft was registered with KLM NV, Schiphol on 10 January 1968. The Fokker F27 was handed over to the NLM on 29 June 1968 and named "Evert van Dijk" on 24 November 1968. After the Friendship was withdrawn from use by NLM Cityhopper the PH-SAD was sold to Fokker Aircraft and registered with Aircraft Financing and Trading BV, Amsterdam, on 21 November 1990. The registration PH-SAD was cancelled on 17 November 1993, after the aircraft was sold in Argentina and registered LV-WEB. After being withdrawn from use at Ezeiza in December 1996, the aircraft was brooken up.

page last updated: 15-06-2001
Copyright © Jack Wolbrink, Emmen, the Netherlands

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