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ES-AAT Yakovlev YAK-40 c/n 9511639 - Estonian Air - Groningen Airport Eelde in Holland - 3 July 1994 Groningen Airport Eelde (GRQ)

The Yakovlev Yak-40 is a three-engine short-range jet transport aircraft for up to 2 crew and 31 passengers. Development the Yak-40 as a replacement of the ageing LI-2, Il-12 and Il-14's, started in 1965 by the Yakovlev Design Bureau. The first of five prototypes flew on 21 October 1966. Deliveries of the Yak-40 (NATO reporting name 'Codling') started in 1968. The Jak-40 airplane is equipped with three Ivchenko AI-25 turbojet engines. Two of them are pylon-mounted in the fuselage tail section, and the third one is installed inside it. All three engines are operated on take-off, but the central engine may be throttled back to idle for fuel economy during cruise. When production ended in 1980, 1011 Yak-40 airliners were built in Saratov in the former USSR.

Estonian Air was established as a state company on 1 December 1991, immediately after the re-establishment of Estonian independence. The airline is based at Tallinn Airport, Estonia. In 1996, the airline was privatised after the Government sold 66% of their shares. On 3 July 1994, their Yakovlev Yak-40 ES-AAT came in at Groningen Airport Eelde in the Netherlands. A number of Dutch authorities should fly with this Estonian Yak to Riga in Latvia. When the aircraft left for Riga with a delay of over an hour it was fully loaded, not only with passengers but also with barrels herring. The passengers on this flight had really the feeling if they were packed like sardines. Yakovlev Yak-40 s/n 9511639 ES-AAT was registered before as CCCP-87347. After being withdrawn from use by Estonian the airliner was sold to AirPass Swaziland and registered 3D-YAC. After the plane was transferred to Centrafrican Airlines as TL-ACO the Yak-40 crashed at Berberati in the Central African Republic on 19 May 1999.

page last updated: 05-08-2005
Copyright © Jack Wolbrink, Emmen, the Netherlands

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